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First City
First district of the New Multifunctional Administrative City; South Korea. Invited competition, honourable mention

Out of the natural settings three distinctive areas are created. Nature is chosen as the chief architect.

The Tendril: landscape and building merge
Basically the whole site of the First City is meant to be one big green area. Through the formulation of the tendril a dense network of linear, twining, and intermingling pathways, walking fields, squares and plazas is composed. They are accompanied by woods, fields and meadows of many kinds of plants and natural cover. Between the houses they form tremendous spaces, sometimes open, sometimes intimate; sometimes carefully designed, sometimes originated by pure coincidence. Occasionally they wind up a building like a tattoo - to form a public stage including a vista point on the top.

The tendril as tool for designing a park is an often used historical motive.
In a different scale - which is an urban scale - it is creating a new mixture between green spaces and urban conditions.
It works as an open linear public space for the whole site and it is playing and interacting with the natural topography - like a flowering plant.

There are 4 types of housing in the First City.
Each of them provides different atmospheres and different conjunctions to the surrounding nature. According to the districts - which derive from the changes in the natural setting - the types are developed. Their main aim is to give maximum access to nature to its inhabitants.

01 City Living Green
02 The Terracced Houses
03 The Towers
04 The Patio Houses

The form of the buildings changes according to their function in the landscape and the public space. Some of them have a tilted roof in order to be walkable on top, some open their lower floors to become giant doors to walk through. On the main Placa they also inhabit public functions and retails.

Existing nature and new settlement form one concerted creation.

Programme : 7.000 apartments, community complex, public facilities
Total land area : 1.113.000m²

Team : Thomas Pucher, Toshiya Kurihara, Bernhard Luthringshausen, Martin Mathy, Lavinia Popa, Kai-Uwe Preissl, Heidrun Primas, Christoph Wiesmayr

South Korea is very well known for it's beautiful landscape and natural settings.
Architecture has always been part of it. In angient times it was even a symbol for perfect harmony when buildings fully merged in their natural surrounding...

Today?s cities widely lack this spirit of harmony and natural ambiance.
Pressure of economy and traffic flows compress the quality of our living areas to a minimum.

After the turbo-capitalistic development of our cities and the total damage of the apendant landscape in the 20th century we ask ourselves one question:

Would it be possible to combine the magnificence of nature with the development of a new city?